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Coffee and tea are the staple drinks. The World Bank is currently assisting the state in reducing poverty, high drop-out and low completion of secondary schools continue to hinder the quality of training in the population. Almost every part of the state is well connected by buses 24 hours a day. The fall of the Vijayanagara empire and the Chandragiri Nayakas gave the sultanate of Golconda a chance to expand into the Tamil heartland. In Tamil Nadu, 3,911,302 children (0-6) live in rural areas. Tourism in India 2 3. Christians and Muslims both have a share of around 6 percent in the population of Tamil Nadu, and the share of both has grown slowly to this level from somewhat less than 5 percent in 1951. The MRF Pace Foundation in Chennai is a popular fast bowling academy for pace bowlers all over the world. Dheeran Chinnamalai (1756–1805), Polygar chieftain of Kongu and ally of Tipu Sultan who fought the British in the Second Polygar War. (c) : The total number of students in Tamil Nadu who managed to clear the NEET (UG)-2019 is 59758. [130] Swamikannu Vincent, who had built the first cinema of South India in Coimbatore, introduced the concept of "Tent Cinema" in which a tent was erected on a stretch of open land close to a town or village to screen the films. [86] However, it has a high level of poverty, especially in rural areas. The celebrated Nataraja temple at Chidambaram and the Ranganathaswamy Temple at Srirangam, Tiruchirappalli, held special significance for the Cholas which have been mentioned in their inscriptions as their tutelary deities. Now the Chola Empire stretched as far as Bengal and Sri Lanka. In 2018, the state population was recorded to be 80,351,195. [198] Tamil Nadu ranks first nationwide in diesel-based thermal electricity generation with a national market share of over 34 per cent. All other religions like Jains and Buddhists represent less than 1%. Tulu and Kannada is spoken in most parts of the northern district of Kasaragod, adjoining Karnataka. [100] Unique cultural features like Bharatanatyam[101] (dance), Tanjore painting,[102] and Tamil architecture were developed and continue to be practised in Tamil Nadu. Hindu Population in India - India is known as birthplace of many religions but Hinduism is the most significant one. √ mark in the appropriate place] Differently Abled Perons / Gen. 9. thEducational Qualifications* : 10 Standard Onwards Sl.No. Airtel Broadband,[191] Act Broadband[192] BSNL, Hathway[193] and few others are providing high speed Fiber Optic broadband connection in many cities & rural areas across Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu- A land of cultural and religious heritage, offers every chance to its tourists and pilgrims to be enchanted with the vast … The Pudukkottai Thondaimans rose to power over the Pudukkottai area by the end of the 17th Century. The British and French were competing to expand the trade in the northern parts of Tamil Nadu which also witnessed many battles like Battle of Wandiwash as part of the Seven Years' War. 16,564 Revenue villages (Village Panchayat) are the primary grassroots level administrative units which in turn might include many villages and administered by a Village Administrative Officer (VAO), many of which form a Revenue Block. The total cultivated area in the state was 5.60 million hectares in 2009–10. The state has 17,000 hectares of land under oil palm cultivation, the second highest in India. They had extensive trade links with the southeast Asian maritime empires of Srivijaya and their successors, as well as contacts, even formal diplomatic contacts, reaching as far as the Roman Empire. Tamil Nadu has 37 universities, 552 engineering colleges[96] 449 polytechnic colleges[97] and 566 arts and science colleges, 34,335 elementary schools, 5,167 high schools, 5,054 higher secondary schools and 5,000 hospitals. They controlled the pearl fisheries along the south coast of India, between Sri Lanka and India, which produced some of the finest pearls in the known ancient world. British constructed Fort St. George[40] and established a trading post at Madras. Kanyakumari district has about 46 percent Christian population. Later, South Indian Liberal Federation was adopted as its official name. [2] Christians are mainly concentrated in the southern districts of Tamil Nadu – Kanyakumari (46% of the population), Thoothukudi (16.68%) and Tirunelveli (10.59%).[8]. Although Tamil Nadu accounts for the highest number of road accidents in India, it also leads in having reduced the number of fatalities in accident-prone areas with deployment of personnel and a sustained awareness campaign. In 2018, the state population was recorded to be 80,351,195. All other religions like Jains and Buddhists represent less than 1%. Tamil Nadu is the most populous state among all five states forming South India. Tulu and Kannada is spoken in most parts of the northern district of Kasaragod, adjoining Karnataka. The first month in the Tamil calendar is Chittirai and the first day of this month in mid-April is celebrated as Tamil New Year. Tamil Nadu has a wide range of biomes extending east from the South Western Ghats montane rain forests in the Western Ghats through the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests and Deccan thorn scrub forests to tropical dry broadleaf forests and then to the beaches, estuaries, salt marshes, mangroves, seagrasses and coral reefs of the Bay of Bengal. [115] During the Indian Independence Movement, many Tamil poets and writers sought to provoke national spirit, social equity and secularist thoughts among the common man, notably Subramanya Bharathy and Bharathidasan. After winning the Polygar wars in 1801, the East India Company consolidated most of southern India into the Madras Presidency. [125] The term Kollywood is a blend of Kodambakkam and Hollywood. It aims to provide a fact-based counter to the mainstream media narrative about India. 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